Falonah Plantation, Drew Cemetery, and Refuge Plantation

August 14, 2006

Webpage by
Paul Ridenour

Information provided by Charles Steger

Photographs after the text

On August 14th, 2006, Patti Haskins and I drove to Jefferson, Texas, to meet Charles Steger.  Charles had brought his cousin LaWanda Tyson.  Our goal was to visit the Falonah Plantation, Drew Cemetery, and the Refuge Plantation, which are north of Jefferson.  Charles is an expert on this topic and the Creek McIntosh family.  His research is located at the Oklahoma Historical Society.  The history on this webpage is based on his research.

Creek Chief William McIntosh's (1775 - 1825) second wife was Susannah Rowe (1796 - 1869) [some sources incorrectly indicate Susannah Coe or Roe].  Susannah was Creek and 1/4 Cherokee.  They had four children:

Rebecca McIntosh (1815 - 1888) - married Benjamin Hawkins and Spire Hagerty
Delilah McIntosh (1818 - 1895) - married William Drew (1/4 Cherokee) and had five children
Hettie Katherine McIntosh (1820 - 1887) - married James D. Willison, Sr.                                                  
Daniel N. McIntosh (1822- 1896)

After Chief William McIntosh was murdered, Susannah McIntosh married his half-brother Roley McIntosh ( - 1863) but they had no children.  Roley became the first Chief of the Creek Nation in the West.  Roley did adopt a Creek boy named Roley who later became a Creek Chief.  Roley (Delilah's uncle) and his nephew Chilly McIntosh brought the Creeks to Indian Territory in 1828.  Chilly adopted Artuami Ccache (Sachpa) (Armstrong) McIntosh (1819 - 1844).

After William Drew died, Delilah's mother, Susannah, and her uncle Roley (Susannah's husband) came to live at Falonah Plantation.  The Falonah house is still there with some modifications.  Roley, Susannah, and William Drew are buried in back of the house in the Drew Cemetery.  There are no markers, only rocks.  Delilah Drew is buried in the Rogers Cemetery on the Honey Springs Civil War Battlefield northwest of Checotah - www.paulridenour.com/ok.htm.   Her daughter Susan Drew married William Penn Adair and William Rogers,  Susan was present at the birth of Will Rogers to name him "William Penn Adair Rogers."  Delilah's daughter Kate Drew married Buckner Rogers.  Delilah and her children were baptized Catholic in Jefferson, TX, on Christmas Eve, 1876.

Benjamin Hawkins received a land grant of 4,000 acres in Cass and Marion counties from Sam Houston.  After Benjamin died, Rebecca married Spire Hagerty and lived on the Phoenix Plantation (also known as The Hagerty Place) .  Spire received land from the Republic of Texas in Harrison County where Phoenix is located.

We did not get to visit the Phoenix Plantation.  The original house foundation has been located.  There is also a cemetery called the Phoenix Cemetery (known as the Hagerty Family Cemetery).

After Hagerty died, Rebecca moved to the Refuge Plantation and partnered with her sister Hettie.  There is a slave cemetery on the Refuge Plantation but no one has located it.  Falonah (2214 acres), Refuge (3400 acres), Phoenix (5,000 acres), with Falonah and Refuge adjoining properties.  Hettie lived on 648 acres on the other side of Scott's Creek.  Rebecca placed the Phoenix Plantation in the hands of her surviving children from Hagerty,  Rebecca had children with Hawkins and five children with Hagerty.  Some Hawkins and Hagerty children and heirs are buried in the Hagerty Family Cemetery.  The cemetery does have some gravestones but they are laying on the ground.   Phoenix was sold by Rebecca's heirs to T. J. Taylor [Thomas Jefferson Taylor], father of Lady Bird Johnson, on August 4, 1915.

Refuge no longer has a house but where the house stood, we found several pieces of broken glass, pottery, and china.  The house was built in 1849 and completely gone by 1920.  When Rebecca moved to Oklahoma, she told her slaves that she was coming back to Refuge and to leave everything in place.  Everything "was" left in place, but she never came back.  Near the house is a large oak tree and the south chimney bricks have been located.  The north chimney is still being researched.  There is a gas line marker near the location of the house.  Down the hill from the house were the locations of two slave homes.  Rose of Sharon, Huckleberry, Chinaberry, Devils Walkingstick, Horse Mint, Deer Weed, and Honey Locust are everywhere.

Rebecca and Hettie are buried separately but near their sister Delilah in Oklahoma.  They left Texas in the 1880s and moved to the Eufaula District which is now present-day McIntosh County.  Rebecca with her land and slaves, was probably the richest person in Texas during that time with an estimated net worth of $85,000.

I met the woman who currently owns the Falonah Plantation.  Her great grandfather J. O. Jackson bought the remaining 200 acres for $800 from Delilah Drew on Jul 17, 1877.

I cannot divulge the exact locations of the Falonah and Refuge Plantations because they are on private land.

Delilah McIntosh Drew 1815 - 1888 (Photo from Charles Steger's booklets)

Falonah Plantation - original house

Patti Haskins, LaWanda Tyson, and Charles A. Steger

Falonah Plantation - 200 acres left

Drew Cemetery

Roley McIntosh buried under the three trees in the back and to his left is the grave of his wife Susannah Rowe McIntosh

Drew Cemetery

Susannah McIntosh buried on the right in this picture

William Drew (1797  - ) buried here by the one tree in the back - husband of Delilah McIntosh Drew

Rebecca McIntosh Hawkins Hagerty 1815 - 1888 [Photo from Charles Steger's booklets]

A photograph of what the house possibly looked like in 1844, superimposed over the
original location at the Refuge Plantation [Photo from Charles Steger's booklets]

Refuge Plantation (Site ID 41MR268) - location of the house next to the Oak tree

Refuge Plantation - a road now runs through the original location of the house (the south chimney to the left)

Refuge Plantation

Refuge Plantation - down the street and on the left is where the slave cemetery should be - slave houses were on the right

Refuge Plantation

Daniel Newnan McIntosh (1822- 1896)

L to R: Unknown,
William Penn Boudinot, Col. E. C. Boudinot, and Col. Daniel N. McIntosh, son of Creek Chief William McIntosh

William Penn Adair (1830 - 1880) married Susan Drew (1844 - 1938 ) in 1876

Another picture of William Penn Adair

A special thanks to Alice Preston for asking me to locate the Falonah Plantation and the Drew Cemetery.  A special thanks to Patti Haskins and Charles Steger - without them this would not have been possible.

Photos below by Charles Steger

Fame Cemetery, Oklahoma

Daniel N. McIntosh [The cross is for the grave of Rebecca McIntosh Hawkins Hagerty, put there by Charles Steger, whether she is buried there or not]